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跟我一起写 Makefile
软件大小:438.15 KB 软件类型:国产软件
软件语言:简体中文 软件授权:共享软件
软件提交:mofangbao 更新时间:2011-08-12 14:04:39
软件作者: 软件等级:
官方网址:官方网站 程序演示:演示地址
运行环境:/all
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软件介绍
跟我一起写 Makefile
第一部分、概

述....................................................................................................

...........................6
第二部分、关于程序的编译和链

接...............................................................................................6
第三部分、Makefile 介

绍....................................................................................................

........7
一、Makefile的规

则....................................................................................................

..........7
二、一个示

例....................................................................................................

.......................8
三、make是如何工作

的....................................................................................................

....9
四、makefile中使用变

量....................................................................................................

10
五、让make自动推

导....................................................................................................

......11
六、另类风格的

makefile..............................................................................................

......12
七、清空目标文件的规

则....................................................................................................

.13
第四部分、Makefile 总

述....................................................................................................

......13
一、Makefile里有什

么?..................................................................................................

..13
1、显式规

则。..................................................................................................

............14
2、隐晦规

则。..................................................................................................

............14
3、变量的定

义。..................................................................................................

........14
4、文件指

示。..................................................................................................

............14
5、注

释。..................................................................................................

....................14
二、Makefile的文件

名....................................................................................................

....15
三、引用其它的Makefile

....................................................................................................15
四、环境变量

MAKEFILES.............................................................................................

...16
五、make的工作方

式....................................................................................................

......16
第五部分、书写规

则....................................................................................................

.................17
一、规则举

例....................................................................................................

.....................17
二、规则的语

法....................................................................................................

.................17
三、在规则中使用通配

符....................................................................................................

.18
四、文件搜

寻....................................................................................................

.....................19
五、伪目

标....................................................................................................

.........................20
六、多目

标....................................................................................................

.........................22
七、静态模

式....................................................................................................

.....................22
八、自动生成依赖

性....................................................................................................

.........24
第六部分 书写命

令....................................................................................................

...................25
一、显示命

令....................................................................................................

.....................26
二、命令执

行....................................................................................................

.....................26
三、命令出

错....................................................................................................

.....................27
四、嵌套执行

make..................................................................................................

............28
五、定义命令

包....................................................................................................

.................30
第七部分 使用变

量....................................................................................................

...................30
一、变量的基

础....................................................................................................

.................31
二、变量中的变

量....................................................................................................

.............32
三、变量高级用

法....................................................................................................

.............34
四、追加变量

值....................................................................................................

.................37
五、override 指示

符....................................................................................................

......37
六、多行变

量....................................................................................................

.....................38
七、环境变

量....................................................................................................

.....................38
八、目标变

量....................................................................................................

.....................39
九、模式变

量....................................................................................................

.....................40
第八部分 使用条件判

断....................................................................................................

...........40
一、示

例....................................................................................................

.............................40
二、语

法....................................................................................................

.............................42
第九部分 使用函

数....................................................................................................

...................43
一、函数的调用语

法....................................................................................................

.........44
二、字符串处理函

数....................................................................................................

.........44
1、subst

......................................................................................................

.................44
2、

patsubst..............................................................................................

...................45
3、

strip.................................................................................................

........................45
4、

findstring............................................................................................

...................46
5、

filter................................................................................................

.........................46
6、filter-

out...................................................................................................

..............46
7、sort

......................................................................................................

....................47
8、word

......................................................................................................

..................47
9、wordlist

......................................................................................................

............47
10、

words.................................................................................................

...................47
11、

firstword.............................................................................................

.................48
12、字符串函数实

例....................................................................................................

48
三、文件名操作函

数....................................................................................................

.........48
1、

dir...................................................................................................

..........................48
2、notdir

......................................................................................................

................48
3、suffix

......................................................................................................

.................49
4、

basename..............................................................................................

................49
5、

addsuffix.............................................................................................

...................49
6、addprefix

......................................................................................................

.........49
7、

join..................................................................................................

.........................50
四、foreach 函

数....................................................................................................

............50
五、if 函

数....................................................................................................

........................50
六、call函

数....................................................................................................

......................51
七、origin函

数....................................................................................................

.................51
“undefined”

......................................................................................................

...........52
“default”

......................................................................................................

.................52
“file”..............................................................................................

.................................52
“command

line”................................................................................................

.........52
“override”

......................................................................................................

..............52
“automatic”

......................................................................................................

...........52
八、shell函

数....................................................................................................

...................53
九、控制make的函

数....................................................................................................

......53
1、error

......................................................................................................

..................53
2、

warning...............................................................................................

...................54
第十部分 make 的运

行....................................................................................................

..........54
...
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